The E-mail Message Action is the standard way for monitors to notify you via
SMTP email messages. This allows for typical email messages as well as
messages sent to cell phones and pagers if your cell/pager provider has an SMTP
gateway (most providers do). There are some hints about that in the SMS FAQ.
To configure this action, give the target SMTP email address. You can add multiple email addresses (comma separate them) for
sending alerts to the same addresses, and/or create multiple E-mail Message Actions and attaching them to different monitors for
more customized alerting.
E-mail alerts are always sent from the Central Monitoring Service. In the case where a monitor running on a remote Satellite detects an issue and runs an
attached E-mail Message Action, the alert message will be sent to the Central Monitoring Service for ultimate delivery.
There are two ways to send a message: Direct, or via a standard SMTP server.
PA Server Monitor can act like a simple SMTP server and send messages directly to the recipient's
receiving SMTP server. That means a connection to the destination server via port 25 needs to be possible (sometimes Internet
Service Providers block outgoing port 25 to help limit spam, but if PA Server Monitor is on the same network as your
mail server, it will probably work). The other requirement is that an MX DSN lookup returns a name for the target mail server that
is resolvable from the machine hosting PA Server Monitor.
The easiest way to determine if all the above requirements are met is to just try it. Click the "Send message directly..." checkbox and then
press the "Test Send" button. If the message is successfully sent, the configuration is complete. If it is not sent, uncheck the
checkbox and continue to configure the SMTP server settings.
Send via SMTP Server
SMTP server settings are shared among all E-mail Message Actions. You can
specify a primary SMTP server and a backup which will be used if sending via the
primary fails. Unless using Direct Send, a primary SMTP server must be specified; the
backup is optional.
The settings for each SMTP server (primary and secondary) can be validated by the program.
You can do this by pressing the "Test Primary Server" and "Test Backup Server" buttons respectively.
This test sends a short email message as a test to
the email address(es) that were entered in the "Email address" field at the top of the form.
If sending the email succeeds and you successfully receive the message, then the SMTP server settings that you have entered are correct. If
the message is not received but you are sure the settings are correct, see the Troubleshooting Missing Email Alerts FAQ for help.
The E-mail Message Action supports using SSL for logging into the SMTP server. If you don't know which
SSL option to use, leave the setting on Don't Know -- the Test button will figure it out for you.
For sending via a Microsoft Exchange server, check the Exchange configuration to ensure SMTP relaying is allowed from the Central Monitoring Service computer.
The Advanced Options button will display the dialog below. Each of these options is specific to the E-mail Message Action that
you are currently configuring.
Messages Digests - To reduce possible message overload,
you can specify that multiple messages to be sent within a short
time (about 1 minute) combine into a single message.
Send as High Priority - Self explanatory
Broadcast on Delivery Failure - If an alert can't be sent via the Primary or Secondary SMTP servers, this option instructs PA Server Monitor
to send the message out using all other configured notification mechanisms. Only notification actions (like SMS, Pager, etc) will tried in this fallback scenario.
Queue for Later - If a message can't be sent (perhaps because there is no connection to the server), you can specify that the message be queued for later delivery. Periodically
PA Server Monitor will try to send any messages that are in the queue.
Reverse Primary/Secondary - For testing purposes it is sometimes desirable to send via the Secondary SMTP server just to make sure it is working as expected.
If the message will be going to a device with limited capabilities (perhaps a pager via SMS for example), you can specify that only the first 200 characters (for example) get sent.
Pressing the Message button displays the configuration dialog below. This lets you customize message text, select different
templates to use, and to create new templates. This is most useful when sending alerts to devices like pagers and cell
phones which might only accept the first sentence or two of a message. Also, having the abillity to use different message
templates will help you get the right information to the right groups.
Select message template dropdown - Allows the option to use different message templates for individual actions that use message templating.
Edit Selected Template - Select and then edit the message template that you wish to change.
Create New Template - Create a new template by supplying the new template with a template name, alert subject, and alert text.
Delete Templates - Delete templates that are no longer needed. Select the Delete Template button and then select the templates that you wish to delete.
You can also specify specify that the message is HTML, and enter an HTML message template. Enclose the template in an <html> tag.
Don't bother with a <head> tag as most email clients will strip it out.
You can also rename the action as it shows up in the various action lists (for example to give the email action a group name).
You can reset the action to its original/default name by simply clearing the name field.
A typical alert email could look something like this:
Note: Actual message content will vary depending on the product being used, and the monitor which fires the actions.
If the action should not be used 24/7 you can use the Schedule button to
specify when notifications should be sent to the given pager. On off hours
the action acts as though it isn't configured at
all. The dark green below indicates 'on hours' and the lighter grey
specifies 'off hours'.
Advanced: Scripting Options
Scripting the Recipients
The Email Action can determine who to send the email to on the fly by calling a script. To access that feature, click the ... button next to the Email Address field.
Here you can specify a script that will run. The results of the script must be assigned to the variable EmailList, and should consist of a simple
text string of one or more email addresses. Each email address should be on a separate line, or on the same line and separated by commas.
The script can do anything you want to get the email list, like reading from a database, from a URL or from a text file. If the script determines
that the email should not be sent, set the EmailList variable to the string "NO_SEND".
Overriding the Subject or Body via Script
The Subject or Body of an email message can be changed on-the-fly as an alert email is going out. First select the templet to edit
from the dropdown and then click on the Edit Selected Template button.
Then to access this script click the ... button on the Message dialog.
This script has access to all of the same values and functions as the Execute Script action has. Assign the final output to the variables Body and/or Subject. The variables
are initialized with the current value to be used. You can change the value, replace it, or leave it alone.